Eye on Vietnam, The New Electronics Manufacturing Hub
Jan 19, 2019

Major electronics makers are desperately seeking new production bases as the U.S.-China trade war shows no signs of abating. For many, Vietnam is the top choice, with a powerful electronics cluster taking shape in the northern part of the country. We went there to find how what’s happening.

At the beginning of 2007, not long after Vietnam gained accession to the World Trade Organization, Hon Hai Precision Industry (Foxconn) Chairman Terry Gou set out from his factory in Shenzhen and drove through Nanning in the Guangxi Autonomous Region to Hanoi in Vietnam. (Read: Terry Gou's Secret Bases)

He wanted to get a firsthand look at a possible cross-border transportation route in anticipation of setting up a Hon Hai assembly line in northern Vietnam, where wages were less than a third of those in Shenzhen. The factory there would be fed parts and components from the company’s plants in Guangdong and Guangxi provinces.

At the time, Gou realized that, with the drive from his plant in Shenzhen to Nanning taking 13 hours and the 300-kilometer drive from Nanning to Hanoi taking only six to eight hours, he could ship goods from the Shenzhen facility in the evening and have them in Bac Ninh just west of Hanoi the next morning, ready to be processed.

One person familiar with Hon Hai’s operations described Gou’s thinking behind the strategic move and why he opted against southern Vietnam, where most Taiwanese were investing at the time, saying,

“If it had been southern Vietnam, which was much farther away from China’s supply chain, the timing of the shipments would not have worked.”

Consequently, Hon Hai bought more than 400 hectares of land in Bac Ninh that included space in the future for upstream suppliers in the supply chain. The company’s plans to build a new facility there were temporarily derailed, however, when the global financial crisis undermined the world economy in late 2008.

Twelve years later, though the United States and China have reached a temporary ceasefire in their trade war, Taiwanese electronics manufacturers continue with plans to shift production out of China to avoid punitive American import duties, worried about lingering uncertainty over U.S.-China relations. (Read: Terry Gou’s U.S. Gambit: The Eagle Has Taken Off)

As a result, the electronics connection envisioned by Gou more than a decade ago has blossomed.

Hon Hai now has three factories in the northern Vietnam provinces of Bac Ninh and Bac Giang, and leading notebook assembler Compal Electronics is planning to re-launch its facility in Vinh Phuc province, northwest of Hanoi.

Many other businesses and investors have flocked to northern Vietnam over the past three to four months, scouting the area.

One of those that moved in was communications equipment company Wistron NeWeb Corp., which quietly rented a factory from Taiwanese company Mitac Precision Technology Corporation in the Kinh Bac City industrial park in Bac Ninh.

“When you make products for American brands, if you deliver one to two months late, it will affect distribution in the market. Those who were in a rush decided to rent factory space to meet production needs, because buying land, building a plant and ramping up production takes at least a year. They would not have made it in time,” says the general manager of a Taiwanese company that has set up a factory there.

We followed the same route Terry Gou did in 2007, starting from Nanning to experience this new electronics industry artery firsthand and get an understanding of the speed, scale and sustainability of this latest Taiwanese migration tide.

Scene 1: Nanning to Friendship Pass in Pingxiang
Core Hub of the China-Vietnam Electronics Artery

Our vehicle left from Nanning and got on the flat and wide Nanyou Expressway, the major roadway heading toward the major border crossing near Pingxiang.

During the trip, we saw one 45-foot container truck after another scream by a “One Belt One Road” banner.

It took less than three hours to reach the China-Vietnam border – the Friendship Pass in Pingxiang – and line up for immigration and customs procedures to enter Vietnam. Pingxiang is the hub of this 300-kilometer-long electronics artery.

All of the parts and components produced in China’s main electronics clusters in Chongqing, Chengdu, and the Yangtze and Pearl River deltas have to pass through here before being delivered to industrial parks in Bac Ninh, Bac Giang and Vinh Phuc about 150 kilometers away to be processed.

“Of all the land bordering checkpoints in China, Pingxiang has the biggest volume of electronics products passing through. Eight hundred cargo trucks a day deliver components to Vietnam, with each container carrying tens of millions of renminbi worth of parts,” says Catch Cheng, the 31-year-old vice general manager of logistics company Guangxi Greating Fortune International Cooperation Logis Co., Ltd.

He has promised one of his customers – Samsung – that components manufactured in the Kunshan area near Shanghai will arrive at Samsung’s factories in Bac Ninh and Bac Giang in “72 hours, without fail,” he says.

A native of Hunan Province, Cheng was stationed by his company in Pingxiang for three years, and he has since married a woman from the minority Zhuang people. He handles about 10,000 containers of electronics parts shipped from China to Vietnam a year, an average of nearly 30 a day.

He said the volume of goods being transported on this major artery is growing about 20 percent a year, and he has seen many companies from Shenzhen set up logistics and trading companies over the past year in the Pingxiang customs building where he has his office.

Scene 2: Friendship Pass to Hanoi
A Different Look in Vietnam

After we drove through the Friendship Pass and entered northern Vietnam, the gap in basic infrastructure between China and Vietnam became immediately apparent.

The high-quality expressway within China’s borders narrowed into a regular two-lane dirt road.. A long line of container trucks seemed to occupy the lane, and intrepid drivers would occasionally veer into the opposite lane to pass a truck or two, often just barely averting direct collisions with oncoming traffic.

Ultimately, it took four hours to cover the roughly 170 kilometers to Hanoi.

When our vehicle arrived at the Vietnam Singapore Industrial Park in Bac Ninh, about 30 kilometers from Hanoi, it drove into ALS East Hanoi Joint Stock Co., a customs bonded warehouse exclusively serving the electronics sector. There, 40 people work in shifts around the clock.

The containers of electronics components shipped by Catch Cheng from China are sent to the ALS warehouse and sorted before being reshipped to electronics manufacturers in industrial parks in Bac Ninh and Bac Giang.

“The factory that Foxconn uses to assemble Nokia phones, Fushan Technology, is right next to us, not even five minutes away,” says Tran Do Trong Khanh, ALS East Hanoi’s deputy director, in fluent English.

ALS serves 50 electronics manufacturers who have set up factories in the area, including Foxconn and Samsung. (Read: A Threat to South Korea? Terry Gou’s American Dream)

Compared with the one week it would take to ship the components by sea, trucking goods from Shenzhen, Dongguan or Guangzhou in Guangdong province or even from Xiamen through the Friendship Pass to Bac Ninh, Bac Giang or Vinh Phuc takes only one or at most two days.

That’s roughly the same amount of time required for shipments within China, explaining why northern Vietnam has emerged as a dominant player in the global electronics manufacturing services market, especially as the U.S. and China continue to duke it out.

Translated by Luke Sabatier
Edited by Sharon Tseng

Wuhan Makes Waves on International Social Media with Online "Meet in Wuhan" Campaign
Jan 07, 2019

WUHAN, China, Jan. 7, 2019 /PRNewswire/ -- "Meet in Wuhan", the online campaign launched by the Wuhan Tourism Development Committee on international social media, came to a successful end on December 25. The campaign offered overseas audiences a glimpse into Wuhan's diverse tourism attractions and cultural heritage through a series of intriguing stories presented with 3D animation techniques, setting a perfect example in marketing a Chinese tourist city to an overseas audience.

The campaign encouraged overseas social media users to participate in a "story domino" activity by writing and sharing stories about the city of Wuhan. Those selected were reproduced in 3D animations and posted on the social media account @Visit Wuhan. The campaign was soon met with a warm response from users across the world. The "Meet in Wuhan" animated videos eventually garnered a cumulative viewership of over 7 million on Facebook and sparked wide attention on Twitter, as well as other international social media platforms.

Based on the original stories users contributed, the Wuhan Tourism Development Committee produced videos featuring a range of Wuhan's tourist attractions, including the Yellow Crane Tower, East Lake, Wuhan Yangtze River Bridge, Wuhan University, Guiyuan Temple and Happy Valley Wuhan. By engaging social media users in the activity and interacting with them, the campaign increased the popularity of Wuhan's social media accounts and boosted the overseas influence and awareness of Wuhan as a major Chinese tourist city.

The "Meet in Wuhan" online campaign, which has been a huge success, presented Wuhan to global audiences as a diverse, inclusive and international city blessed with beautiful landscapes. It's also one of Wuhan's attempts to live up to its reputation as one of China's first tourist cities to "go global." In the future, Wuhan will try to design more exemplary marketing campaigns, with greater openness and flexibility to attract a larger number of foreign tourists to explore the city's stunning scenery.

Source: Wuhan Tourism Development Committee

- ASIA TODAY News Global Distribution http://www.AsiaToday.com

This 12-Year-Old Built an Underwater Robot to Fight Plastic Pollution
Jan 06, 2019

Her project is called ‘Developing a Smart Infrared Based ROV to Identify Microplastics in Marine Environments’ – ROV stands for remotely operated vehicle. Inspired by a visit to the beach, where she was struck by the volume of plastic littering the sand, Du has developed an underwater vehicle fitted with an infrared camera that can detect plastic resting on the seabed.

The problem of plastic pollution in the ocean is widely acknowledged and well documented. Yet solutions are still only starting to take shape.

The remains of a sperm whale found in Indonesia in mid-November demonstrate the extent of the plastic pollution problem. (Read: Taiwan & Indonesia Singing the Blues for the Seas)

Almost 6 kg of plastic waste was found in the animal’s stomach, including 115 cups. Plastic has even been found inside freshwater fish living in the Amazon basin. Fish ranging in size from 4cm to almost 30cm, including the parrot pacu, the redhook silver dollar, and the red-bellied piranha, were all found to have consumed plastics and polymers.

Du decided to take part in the competition after seeing the extent of plastic litter at the beach, and how varied it was. “As I was collecting it, I couldn’t help but notice just how much plastics there were,” she says.

Different types of plastic absorb and reflect light in their own unique way, depending on their composition. This is the basis of many automated plastic recycling facilities – light is shone onto the flow of plastic along a conveyor, sensors detect which light is reflected and can group the plastic waste according to type.

The use of light to detect substance composition informed the choices Du made when developing her ROV. Its camera takes photos of the surface of the seabed and compares those images with a reference library she developed based on an online database. That allows it to tell plastics apart from other types of materials.

“The real invention here is the sensing,” roboticist and engineer Dana Yoerger told the Smithsonian Institute.

Edited by Sharon Tseng

North China's last fishing tribe rejuvenated amid inheritance and protection
Dec 31, 2018

SONGYUAN, China, Dec. 29, 2018 /PRNewswire/ --The 17th Chagan Lake fishing cultural tourism festival opened on Dec. 28, once again showcasing the unique folk culture of the last fishing tribe in north China to tourists from China and abroad. Demonstration of ancient traditional fishing method featuring under-the-ice net casting and horse winch marked the beginning of the golden season for winter fishing.

Chagan Lake, one of China's top 10 freshwater lakes, is in Songyuan City, northwest of Jilin Province. For thousands of years, local residents have kept the primitive way of winter fishing. Thanks to the protection and development of local government, winter fishing has preserved the original process, including lake worship, awakening of fishing net, fishing under the ice and so on, which has become a rare scene in modern society.

The longest net used for winter fishing in Chagan Lake can be over 1,000 meters, which requires nearly 100 holes to be drilled on the frozen lake. Long wooden poles attached with iron hooks are used to cast the net underneath the ice. A single-net harvest once exceeded 600,000 kilograms, a Guinness world record.

The fishing culture of Chagan Lake is unique in terms of society, location and humanities compared with other parts of the world. With its primitive natural environment, production mode and state of living, the fishing culture, which still lives with vitality, is the one and only north of 45 degrees north latitude. It was listed as a national intangible cultural heritage in 2008. The area has since been protected by the provincial government. "Bouncing fish on ice lake" has become one of the eight views of Jilin. The local government is also promoting the fishing culture of Chagan Lake to be inscribed on the UNESCO intangible cultural heritage list.

Chagan Lake produces about 1.5 million kilograms of fish every winter. The integrative development of ecology, culture and tourism has brought over 200 million yuan (29 million U.S. dollars) of gross value of social products to the fishing village. Despite the growing demand, the city government has ordered that no extra amount of fishing is added every winter to make sure that ecological development always comes first.

Green hills and clear waters, ice and snow are all precious resources. Ecological protection and tourism can complement each other. The local government has introduced regulations to promote a win-win development for ecology and economy.

The fishing cultural tourism festival, which will last till Feb. 28, 2019, is co-held by the provincial culture and tourism department and Songyuan city government. Songyuan, known for its investment potential among multinationals, and tourist industry in China, is boosting the development of ice and snow industry in Jilin based on its abundant ice and snow resources as well as popular fishing tradition.

Source: Songyuan City Government

Photo credit / China Daily

- ASIA TODAY News Global Distribution http://www.AsiaToday.com

Beijing to use facial recognition to combat illegal subletting in public housing
China Knowledge Online
Dec 28, 2018

Dec 28, 2018 (China Knowledge) - Beijing is putting in place more facial recognition-enabled smart locks in its public housing to crackdown on the practice of illegal subletting in the city.

The new facial recognition locks are expected to cover all of Beijing’s public housing projects by June 2019 and involve a total of 120,000 tenants. The use of these locks will not only cut down illegal subletting but also improve security in these public housing areas.

The use of facial recognition locks is the latest in a series of facial recognition technology Chinese authorities plan to introduce to improve law enforcement in the country. A number of cities in China have already implemented facial recognition cameras to catch jaywalkers.

Currently, the facial recognition locks have already been installed in 47 public housing projects with 100,000 facial scans of tenants and their family member already having been collected. In addition, this system can also help estate management to better look out for elderly residents who are living alone by sending an alert if the senior resident has not left home for an extended period of time.

Beijing has been ramping up its efforts to crackdown on illegal subletting to ensure these housing resources are only allocated to those who genuinely need it. The average monthly rental for a flat in Beijing is about RMB 5,000 while for public housing, it can be under RMB 2,000 monthly.

Those caught engaging in illegal subletting will be barred from low-income housing for 5 years.

Company China Knowledge Online
Contact Editor
Telephone +65 6235 8468
Website www.chinaknowledge.com
NUS study: Older adults care about strangers’ welfare in financial decision-making
Dec 29, 2018

Older adults make the same financial decisions for themselves and others, while young adults take more risks when making financial decisions for others

A recent study by researchers from the National University of Singapore (NUS) found that when it comes to making financial decisions under risk, older adults will regard the financial outcomes of others’ as their own and make choices that they would have selected for themselves.

“Citizens in approximately one third of the countries around the world rely heavily on decisions made by older adults who may be government, business or community leaders. It is important to not only understand how these elderly people make decisions for themselves, but also how they make decisions on behalf of others, as their decisions can lead to significant gains or losses,” said team leader Assistant Professor Yu Rongjun, who is from the Department of Psychology at the NUS Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences.

The results of this study were reported in the journal Psychology and Aging in September 2018.

Closing the knowledge gap in financial decision-making

People often need to make financial choices for themselves, and sometimes, on behalf of others. Studies have shown that younger adults take more risks when making financial decisions for others. However, there is a lack of understanding about the decision-making behaviour of the elderly.

To address this knowledge gap, Asst Prof Yu and his team conducted studies to compare how younger adults and older adults make financial decisions, both for themselves and for others.

The NUS study was conducted from 2016 and 2017, and involved 191 Singaporean participants. Among them, 93 were older adults with an average age of 70, while 98 were young adults averaging 23 years old.

The participants were asked to complete a series of computerised decision-making tests in which they were assessed based on the choices they made under uncertainties. The research team used computational modelling to analyse two aspects of the participants’ financial decision-making: loss aversion, which is a tendency to weight potential losses more strongly than potential gains; risk-aversion asymmetry, which looks at the tendency to be risk-averse for potential gains and risk-seeking for potential losses.

Financial decisions vary with age

The results show that when younger adults are making financial decisions on behalf of others, they take more risks even when the decisions put the person they are acting for at a disadvantage. For the seniors, they make similar choices for themselves and when they act for others. Hence, the findings suggest that older adults care more about strangers’ welfare.

“Our results demonstrate that decision-makers of different age groups have different motivational goals. The young adults may treat the finances of others’ differently from their own, perhaps regarding them as being less important. On the other hand, the older generation may care more about social harmony and emotional experience, and have less emphasis on material gains,” explained Asst Prof Yu.

He further elaborated, “Although we did not manipulate decision-making power and participants simply made choices for strangers in our study, we speculate that similar age-dependent decision-making patterns may also apply to real-life workplace. For instance, a young boss may choose one insurance plan for his employees and another plan for himself. The plan that he picks for others may be more risky and potentially disadvantageous compared to the plan he chooses for himself. On the other hand, an older boss is likely to select the same plan for his staff and himself. The findings of this study resonate with our earlier research which showed older adults are more generous towards strangers.”

To deepen their understanding on the financial decision-making process of people from different age groups, Asst Prof Yu and his team will be conducting neuroimaging studies to examine the underlying neural basis of their observations.

SOURCE / National University of Singapore

Has HR Analytics Arrived in Asia?
Dec 27, 2018

Is people analytics as developed in Asia as it is in the US? If not, what opportunities remain untapped?

I was at the Wharton People Analytics conference, watching a machine learning expert describe the power of algorithmic hiring.

"Can an algorithm make a better hiring decision than a human?" the speaker asks, his eyes flashing mischievously. "Of course, and we're getting there. The world of HR analytics is on the verge of another revolution," he adds.

It got me curious about one thing: Is people analytics as developed in Asia as it is in the US? If not, what opportunities remain untapped?

A Full-blown Movement

People analytics (sometimes called HR analytics) is the use of analytics to help organizations make better decisions about their workforce. It is the intersection of data science and HR—two previously disconnected fields.

People analytics has grown from a cottage industry in the US to a full-blown movement. Many companies have built their own people analytics divisions, which have discovered various use cases from machine learning, resume screening, to natural language processing in tracking a team's sentiment.

Asia is, in some ways, ahead and behind the curve. In many parts of the continent, there is a wide availability of data about individuals and a deeper culture of tracking and quantifying success. The college entrance exams in Singapore, Taiwan, Korea, Japan, and China, for example, reflect cultures focused on objective measures of talent.

This creates a level of buy-in for people analytics that doesn't exist in the West.

Most of Asia also have less strict regulations on privacy and tracking. China, for example, now has social credibility scores. If your score is high, you have better access to loans, are a priority for bureaucratic paperwork, and even get better options on dating websites. This type of tracking would have been culturally rejected or even considered illegal elsewhere.

This multifaceted environment has led me to wonder, what opportunities exist in the Asian market? What is already happening in the people analytics space?

I've spent the past few weeks researching about this, speaking with different experts across Asia. I found that there are three main spaces with particular interest and opportunity.

Improving Feedback and Talent Assessment

I spoke with CheeTung Leong, co-founder and CEO at EngageRocket. His Singapore-based survey tech company began when he and his partner, Dorothy Yiu, noticed that the most labor-intensive part of their work at Gallup was the logistics around surveys.

His company helps simplify the feedback process by making surveys easier to do online. But Leong emphasized that significant manpower is necessary to make any HR process like this work.

Competitors in North America and Europe faced similar challenges, so it was difficult for them to enter Asian markets quickly. For EngageRocket, this barrier to entry was an advantage for them at first.

This is an important lesson for anyone in the people analytics space in Asia: the more regional knowledge is needed, the more likely a local player will succeed. One area that also needs significant regional expertise is hiring and recruiting new talent.

Hiring Analytics

In my search for people analytics leaders, I stumbled upon a startup called JobTech, a Singapore-based hiring analytics platform. Interested, I reached out to its founders, Charlotte Lim and Wee Tiong Ang.

Lim and Ang built the company in 2016 during a time when Singapore's unemployment rate was at a seven-year high. Ang was itching to use his AI background in a practical domain, then he met Lim at a networking event. Both of them began to wonder, how could they help solve the unemployment problem in Singapore?

That question led them to do focus groups around the country, and they discovered that significant pain points existed on both sides of the job market. For employers, tremendous resources were spent on screening and interviewing candidates. Meanwhile, job seekers felt that job sites were like black boxes where they submit dozens of applications and never hear back.

Lim and Ang decided to use their background in analytics to connect people and jobs. Their platform provides job seekers with a selection of jobs across various sources and some insights into whether they're a good fit.

Their technology attempts to reduce administrative effort for employers by sourcing and filtering profiles. Only those that match for both quality and interest surface.

Similar to feedback and talent assessment, there are proven models that exist in parts of the West that don't in Asia (yet). It is a clear opportunity for new HR tech giants to seize.

Social Network Analysis and Space Redesign

Unfortunately, one area that has gone relatively untouched in Asia is the analytics of communication. In the US, a few firms have popped up and become forces in the analytics of office spaces.

Humanyze, for example, uses a combination of email, meeting, and sensor data to analyze who works with who in the office, holes in communication, and communication's relevance to workspaces. (Disclosure: I worked at Humanyze in 2016 and wrote some parts of my senior thesis using their data.)

In the US, a company called Volometrix developed a similar platform that focused on email communication. Their firm identified who spoke with whom in the office and how that related to employee engagement. Microsoft acquired the company and brought it into Office 365.

When speaking with different teams in the space, it's clear that social network analysis has yet to be capitalized on in Asia. As of now, most companies use gut feelings to see whether employees are communicating too much or too little. The result is office layouts that rely on intuition instead of data.

Can Asia Catch Up?

Asia sits in a unique position for people analytics. On one hand, data around people's actions is some of the most developed in the world. Countries like South Korea, China, and the Philippines boast some of the highest rankings for social media and internet use. A culture of objective assessment makes tracking and evaluating individuals more common.

On the other hand, HR analytics remains a relatively unknown entity. When I interviewed HR analytics CEOs, I asked them how many other similar companies they knew in the region. Often, they were able to mention only one or two that they personally knew.

The market is still relatively immature. Luckily, interest in the field is growing, which signals a significant market opportunity.

This year, I am attending the Wharton People Analytics conference again. This time, however, I'm hoping that more Asian companies will be represented. It's about time that HR analytics hit the tech scene in Asia in the way it has arrived in the US. When it happens, we should be ready to join the charge.

By Stephen Turban/ Seeing The World As A Foreigner

Edited by Tomas Lin

Malaysia Government Sets 20% Annual Growth Target For E-Commerce Sector
Investvine, A Company of Inside Investor, Ltd.
Dec 06, 2018

The Malaysian government has set an annual growth rate target of 20 per cent for the e-commerce sector in the country, from 14.3 per cent growth posted in 2017, via various initiatives.

International trade and industry minister Darrell Leiking said e-commerce contribution to GDP in Malaysia continuously improved over a period of seven years to 85.8 billion ringgit ($20.7 billion) in 2017 from 37.7 billion ringgit ($9.1 billion) in 2010, with an average annual growth rate of 12.5 per cent.

He added that the government through the National E-Commerce Council (NECC) will continue to support the growth and development of the sector through the implementation of a respective strategic national e-commerce roadmap.

Since its establishment in 2016, the NECC’s achievements in developing and enhancing the e-commerce ecosystem’s competitiveness included registering over 120,000 online businesses at the Companies Commission of Malaysia.

Small and medium enterprises registered with the “Go eCommerce” platform – an initiative aimed at guiding companies in e-commerce adoption – exceeded 20,000.

The implementation of the Digital Free Trade Zone pilot project in Cyberjaya supported by Alibaba founder Jack Ma has also accelerated the growth of e-commerce activities by providing a platform for local enterprises to conduct their business and services.

Furthermore, on November 12, 2018, Malaysia signed the ASEAN Agreement on Electronic Commerce, a concerted effort between the ten countries of the bloc to smoothen cross border e-commerce transactions by reducing barriers and lowering entry costs.

Photo by Andrew Neel on Unsplash

Company Investvine, A Company of Inside Investor, Ltd.
Contact Imran Saddique
E-mail imran@insideinvestor.com
Website http://investvine.com
Air Travel in Asia is Taking Off
Nov 24, 2018

As the aviation industry continues to expand rapidly over the next two decades, growing demand for airline seats will outstrip the supply of qualified pilots. The biggest shortage will be in Asia where airlines have more new planes on order than anywhere else.

Economic growth and rising incomes across the region are fueling unparalleled growth in business and leisure travel. Airlines in Asia-Pacific already account for over a third of current global passenger numbers and that market share is set to increase. The region had almost 280 million international arrivals in 2015.

To meet demand, aircraft manufacturer Boeing forecasts airlines in Asia will require an additional 261,000 pilots and 317,000 cabin crew by 2037. (Read: Hong Kong-Taipei, World’s Busiest Airline Route 3 Years In A Row, Why?)

China’s Aviation Boom

China is spearheading the region’s air travel boom and is set to overtake the US as the world’s largest aviation market by 2030, according to the International Air Transport Association (IATA).

The country – with an expanding middle class – has substantial potential for future growth in tourism and business travel, helicopter flights and private jet hire, IATA says.

Increasing passenger volumes mean expanding existing airports and building new ones. The Civil Aviation Administration of China plans to build an additional 74 airports to make a total of 260 by 2020.

India’s Airline Sector Takes Off

As with China, India’s emerging middle class is driving a rapid expansion of the airline industry and the country is set to become the third-fastest increasing market in terms of additional passengers per year.

India has experienced continued growth over the last 15 years, as the number of international arrivals reached the 8 million mark in 2015, according to the Forum's 2017 Travel and Tourism Competitiveness Report.

IATA forecasts India’s air passenger traffic will triple by 2036.

Indonesia’s Tourism Appeal

Along with China and India, Indonesia is also turning into an Asian aviation powerhouse. A burgeoning domestic tourism industry on the island of East Java, coupled with the lure of Bali’s exotic beaches for overseas holidaymakers, have expanded passenger numbers at key airports.

IATA forecasts Indonesia will see 183 million new passengers by 2034, making it the fourth-fastest growing aviation market after China (856 million new passengers), the US (559 million) and India (266 million). And Indonesia will also become the world’s fifth-largest domestic aviation market.

Such unprecedented growth in demand for flights will increase connectivity between Asian countries and destinations around the world, with obvious benefits for their economies. But it also brings challenges.

As well as more pilots and planes, the world will need new airports along with all the supporting infrastructure, and this will require government policies that are sympathetic to future aviation growth. At the same time, more planes taking to the skies will mean more greenhouse-gas emissions.

The global aviation industry has agreed to measures including improving fuel efficiency of planes, capping net emissions from international flights at 2020 levels, and a 50% cut in net emissions by 2050 (relative to 2005 levels).

But the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) predicts that by 2020 emissions from global aviation will be around 70% higher than in 2005, and that by 2050 they could grow by a further 300-700%.

By Johnny Wood
Edited by Tomas Lin

Women Authors and Illustrators Create Inspiring Storybooks for Girls in Indonesia
Nov 13, 2018

Asia Foundation, Litara Foundation, Estée Lauder Corporation host Jakarta BookLab
Jakarta, November 1, 2018 — Women authors and illustrators are creating children’s books in Bahasa Indonesia with an emphasis on gender equality and dynamic female characters as a part of The Asia Foundation’s Books for Asia Let’s Read! initiative in Indonesia. The two-day book creation event, or BookLab, kicked off the inspiring women and girls empowerment campaign, “Women into Authors, Authors into Change Agents.” Held at the Jakarta Public Library, the October 31 to November 1 event was made possible by the expertise of the Litara Foundation and support by the Estée Lauder Corporation.

In Jakarta, the two-day BookLab event brought together 25 first-time writers, illustrators, and established children’s book authors from as far away as Sorong, Tulungagung, and Makassar and locally in Jakarta, Yogyakarta, and Bandung to create original, illustrated children’s storybooks. The participants at the BookLab event were selected from more than 130 applicants across Indonesia.

Let’s Read! uses an ecosystem approach to address book scarcity in local languages and demonstrate the power of reading to change the trajectory of children’s lives. “These activities are designed to encourage families and communities to share the inspiring experience of becoming lost in a story and developing a love of reading,” said Aryastyani Sintadewi, manager of the Let’s Read! initiative in Indonesia.

The BookLab is the first of three project phases focused on encouraging reading in Indonesia. In this first phase, participants work with editors at Litara to refine the narratives and illustrations of original new children’s storybooks. In the second and third stages, culminating on Indonesia’s Children’s Day in July 2019, community reading advocates will be trained to encourage women across the country to participate in Indonesia’s Read to Children movement.

Many of the books developed at the Jakarta’s BookLab will be published on the Let’s Read! digital library, Asia’s free digital library for children. Let’s Read! has advanced the skills of more than 600 writers, illustrators and volunteer translators across Asia, and worked with them to produce culturally appropriate and relevant books, including many that challenge gender stereotypes. Nearly 1,500 compelling children’s books are available on the Let’s Read! digital library and on the Let’s Read! Android app on Google Play.

The Let’s Read! initiative draws on The Asia Foundation’s in-country capabilities, local partnerships, and technological expertise to empower communities to create, translate, and share high-quality and richly illustrated children’s books across Asia. Since 1954, The Asia Foundation’s Books for Asia program has donated over 52 million print books to thousands of under-resourced educational institutions in 28 Asian countries, including over 2.8 million books in Indonesia.

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Amy Ovalle, Chief Communications Officer

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